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Excavation at the Piraeus “Municipal Theatre”, Greece

Ephorate of Antiquities of Western Attica, Piraeus and Islands - Greek Ministry of Culture / Attiko Metro SA (Work contract for the Project “Documentation of the archaeological remains resulting from the research excavation in the area of Piraeus”)

Aerial photograph of Saint Konstantinos (Hagios Konstantinos) square during the excavation period

Photo Source: EA of Attica, Piraeus & Islands, Ministry of Culture

Water system with wells - cisterns - tunnels

Hippodamus city planning of the Ancient City of Piraeus


Archaeological Site Architectural Survey / Project Supervision




Emilio Bendemacher - Geroussis (Architect Engineer), Stella Chrysoulaki (Archaeologist), Panagiotis Kouttis (Archaeologist), Giorgos Peppas (Archaeologist), Dora Evangelou (Archaeologist)


The Ephorate of Western Attica, Piraeus and Islands of the Ministry of Culture has in its territorial jurisdiction the major part of the Attiko Metro SA project “Expansion of Line 3: Chaidari-Piraeus section” (length: 7.6 km). So far a total area of approximately 25,000 m² has been explored by archaeologists while rescue excavations have been carried out on a total area of 7,000 m².


At the “Municipal Theatre” station the excavation brought to light about 115 underground constructions related to the water supply of the ancient city of Piraeus. This is the largest excavation within the boundaries of the ancient city of Piraeus. The architectural forms of the constructions were documented by combining traditional and modern imaging methods (photogrammetric imaging methods, import of spatial data in a single reference system, three-dimensional scanning using the Point cloud method).


The research team (archaeologists, architect engineers, conservators) sought to evaluate, correlate and interpret all elements resulting from the spatial analysis, drawing conclusions about both the social organisation and the urban structure of the ancient city of Piraeus (Hippodamus city planning). A concerted effort was made to document with great accuracy Hippodamus’ city planning, the size and structure of the ancient city, using modern means of “geographic location” of archaeological information (GIS) and analysing all historical excavation data in a wider design area in the centre of modern Piraeus (previous excavations of plots, grids, etc.). 

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